Peperomia also known with its scientific name Peperomia Magnifolia belongs to the Piperaceae family. This is an herbaceous and evergreen plant. Peperomia is native to South America (Brazil), South Africa, Central Africa and generally tropical regions. Peperomia plant has low expectation and due to be native to dense forests, it can easily tolerate low light, shade and water shortage. For this reason, it can be consider in the category of the popular houseplants. The leaves of the plant are ovoid, fleshy and shiny, with an almost rounded end. The flowers of the Peperomia plant are very small and grow in clusters on vertical cones.
Then, join us to get acquainted with different types of Peperomia plants, how to propagate Peperomia, Peperomia plant’s problems and treatments.
According to their appearance and the way of the plant growth, they are divided to seven main groups:
Bush-shaped Peperomia plant with red petioles.
Some also have fleshy, heart-shaped leaves.
Climbing group which is attached to a keeper or guard that climbed or hung around a pot.
This type has red stems and delicate silver leaves with sometimes juicy green leaves.
This type of Peperomia is very suitable for hanging pots.
This type has long, red stems.
Some of them have fleshy stems and leaves, and the edges of the leaves are purple.
Sometimes the leaf surface is covered with very fine hairs.
This species is called Peperomia Pellucida.
Its leaves are green, shiny, heart-shaped and fleshy.
The stems are fleshy and its height can be reached up to 45 cm.
This species of Peperomia plant is known as Peperomia Obtusifolia.
The leaves are green and white with almost rounded ends.
The stems are either green or red and in general needs more light.
The name of this species is Peperomia Caperata.
The leaves are large and heart-shaped that protrude from the inner (central) part of the plant.
The appearance of the leaves are wrinkled with the dark and light stripes of green and red colors.
All its petioles are red.
Peperomia Argyreia is the name of the seventh species of the Peperomia plant.
This plant is also known as watermelon leaf Peperomia.
The leaves are similar to watermelon skin with dark and light green stripes.
Also, the tips of the leaves are sharp and its petioles are red.
Peperomia grows well with indirect sunlight near the window.
Suitable light for this plant is medium to high light (depending on the type of the plant, usually the lighter plants need more light).
But this plant can easily survive without light.
This plant tolerates direct sunlight in some extent in the early morning or evening (especially in seasons such as Spring, Autumn and Summer).
Be careful of direct sunlight in hot days’ afternoons (especially in summer).
Insufficient sunlight causes the plant to stop growing completely on the other hand, direct sunlight burns the leaves of the plant.
The suitable soil for Peperomia is relatively light soil with good drainage.
This soil can be consist of a section of peat moss, a section of sand and a section of garden soil that will create a good combination.
Peperomia is interested in warm and humid environments.
Spray your plants once a week in winter and twice a week in summer.
The required moisture for the leaves is about 50 percent.
If the moisture, heat and cold exceed the limit, some spots will be appeared on the surface of the leaves and eventually, the leaves will be anesthetized and shed.
Peperomia stores water in the tissue of leaves and stems and does not need much watering.
The amount of irrigation is once every 10 days to two weeks in winter and once or twice a week in summer.
It is better to wait until the soil of the pot dries then water it.
Excessive watering leads the root rot and actually it is the main cause of serious problems of Peperomia plant.
It is better to water this plant through the under pot.
This will keep the leaves dry and your plant will be free of plant diseases.
This plant is not resistant to extreme cold weather, just can withstand temperatures between 15-30 Celsius degrees.
The best temperature is about 25 Celsius degrees.
High temperatures cause the leaves to wrinkle and dry out.
Especially if in these condition, your plant was dry for sometimes.
If the leaves of your Peperomia are faded and plant growth is reduced, you should use fertilizer.
To strengthen the plant in cold seasons, once a month and in warm seasons, once every 2 weeks you can use thorough fertilizer.
Peperomia plant is propagated by two methods of stem and leaf cuttings.
In spring and summer, use annual cuttings of the plant.
To do this, select a long branch and cut a 7 to 10 cm long cutting with a knife or scissors.
The cutting needs one or two leaves, remove the extra leaves with scissors from the end, be careful not to damage the cutting stem.
Cut off the end of the cutting diagonally with scissors;
Because in this case, more surface will be in touch with soil and the rooting process will be easier.
Then immerse the cutting about 4 to 5 cm in a well-drained soil (such as peat moss, coco peat and perlite or leaf soil and sand).
Finally, put your new Peperomia plant in a place where the temperature is 18-24 Celsius degrees.
In this method, cut one leaf from your plant with scissors.
Then with four different types:
You can prepare leaf cuttings and plant them in a suitable soil.
Dip the prepared leaf cuttings – if it is possible – in rooting hormone and then plant them in a suitable soil (such as peat mass, coco peat and perlite or leaf soil and sand).
Then keep your plant in a warm, humid environment away from the direct sunlight to take root.
Just consider that rooting hormone is not necessary, but soaking the leaves in it, will speed up the process of rooting the leaf cuttings.
In the case of fleshy Peperomia plants, lay the leaf on the surface of the sand and pour the washed sand on it.
After a while, the root of the plant appears from the end of the veins.
Make sure that the cuttings’ ends of the leaves or stems used for propagating this plant are left in the open area for a few hours or overnight to dry before planting.
This is due to the lack of nutrients of the potting soil.
Enrich the plant with artificial nutrition according to the expert’s instructions.
The reason is ticks.
Spray the plant every two weeks with an Acaricide.
Spraying and cleaning the leaves is also effective for reducing the pest.
The cause is fungus, which itself is caused by cold and humid weather.
Spray the plant with fungicide and move the pot to a warmer place.
Stop spraying water until the above symptoms disappear and, also reduce watering.
Blisters are a fungal disease that can be caused by excessive irrigation.
Allow the soil surface of the pot dry between watering, then water your plant.
Start the next irrigation with less water.
Remove the water from the under the pot regularly and check the drain.
You can also use a fungicide if it is necessary.
This happened because your plant is thirsty and its place’s environment is dry.
You should water your plant immediately.
It is also better to place your pot in a pan full of water for 15 minutes then move the pot to a cooler place.
Because the sunlight intensity is high.
Move your pot to a dimmer place as soon as possible.
Do not use chemical polishes.
Also clean the leaves by spraying and using a damp cloth or sponge.
This is because of the high temperature.
It is better to move the pots to a cooler place to solve the problem.
Excessive irrigation is the reason.
Let the soil surface of the pot dry between watering, after that start watering with a little amount of water.
The reason is the cold temperature.
It is better to move your pot to a warmer place.
Either your pot is small or the plant has nutrients deficiency.
In this case, you should enrich your plant with the right fertilizer.
It is a virus that creates ugly round spots on the leaves.
The virus grows in high humidity.
Because there is no cure for this disease, it is better to throw away the damaged leaves or even the whole plant.
Keeping Peperomia leaves dry and providing good air circulation is essential to prevent diseases.
The reason for this is low light.
Move your plant to a brighter place with indirect sunlight.
This can have different causes;
For example, excessive irrigation, intense sunlight or fungal diseases.
This is because of the bed bug pest.
It is better to reduce the spraying of your plant.
Collect the weevils with an alcohol swab and, if necessary, spray your plant with a suitable insecticide.
The reason is fungus.
Conditions such as humid and cold weather or excessive irrigation cause the activity of these fungi.
It is better to reduce watering your plants.
Lack of sunlight is the most important reason why Peperomia do not bloom.
Change the location of the pot to see your Peperomia’s bloom.
The reason is low sunlight.
Of course, too much light cause the same symptoms!
Move your plant to a place with moderate light.