Sansevieria categorized in a group of hard and beautiful plants. In the following, we want to learn how to maintain Sansevieria.
Also, learn more about how propagate Sansevieria, the properties of the Sansevieria plant, and the needs of the Sansevieria plant, as well as the characteristics and benefits of this group of plants.
The Plants that due to their hardiness and durability, have been able to have a great colorful presence in different spaces.
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Sansevieria’s problems and treatments
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Sansevieria is a native plant of Africa, Madagascar and South Asia.
Sansevieria is actually a very diverse group of plants.
This group has more than 70 species, various colors and dimensions. In this article, we are going to introduce this amazing group to you.
This stubborn plant, unlike many houseplants, has a long life.
Also, Sansevieria is called immortal.
In fact, Sansevieria is one of the plants with minimum expectations; because it is a low water need plant and, it easily tolerates low light environment.
If you are new in this field, it is better to start with low-expectation, hardy plants such as Sansevieria.
You can have this plant indoors, at balcony and in your garden.
Sansevieria is one of the most effective plants for air purification.
This plant absorbs toxins such as Formaldehyde, Xylene and Toluene from the environment; therefore, it will improve the air quality around you.
This factor makes Sansevieria a suitable plant for the bedroom; because by increasing the oxygen in the space, it helps you sleep better.
Among the various species, Sword Sansevieria is also called snake plant or the mother tongue of the husband.
This species, with sharp, sword-like leaves, for sure can catch your eye.
Sansevieria is one of the oldest and simplest plants. But it is still considered a stylish and luxurious plant.
For this reason, this plant has received a lot of attention from interior decoration designers.
American Sansevieria, Tulips Sansevieria, Moonshine Sansevieria, Short legs Sansevieria and Swords Sansevieria all have the same maintenance procedure as you can see in the photo below.
In this group of plants, only Sansevieria swordfish and light short-legged Sansevieria are slightly different in maintenance.
The Light Sansevieria has beautiful yellow streaks that will fade in the absence of light.
Other species grow well in low light.
Of course, the Pencil Sansevieria is a different kind, which we will discuss separately in other articles.
The first point in maintaining Sansevieria is the amount of irrigation.
Sansevieria needs very low water. So when watering, make sure the soil surface of the pot is dry.
This plant is sensitive to too much irrigation; for this reason, the ever-wet soil causes the plant to rot.
Watering about once a week, in summer and once every two weeks, in winter, is sufficient for this plant.
This amount will vary depending on the environment, temperature and the amount of light it receives.
If you travel a lot or forget to water your houseplants, this plant will be the best option for you.
Ideally, moderate light is appropriate. (About 2 meters from the south and west window)
But this plant also can tolerate bright, dim and shady environments.
Just make sure to keep them out of direct sunlight; because their leaves will burn in the blink.
Keep in mind that lighter species need more light.
In the absence of light for these special species, the yellow streaks of the plant will fade.
For this plant, dryness or humidity does not matter; because it can be kept in the bathroom (which has a very high humidity). This is another reason why this plant is hardy.
This plant tolerates a wide range of temperatures at home.
Just be careful not to expose it to rain or snow.
If you keep it outdoor, move it indoor during the winter.
How is Sansevieria propagated?
(In the case of the propagation of Sword Sansevieria, Dwarfs Sansevieria, Tulips Sansevieria and… except for Pencil Sansevieria, you must act in the same way.)
In this method, after the plant and its underbrushes grow, you can take the plant out of the pot.
After that, separate the rootstock of the underbrushes from the mother plant. Just make sure the underbrushes are not too small.
Let them continue to grow in some extent; because by separating the small underbrush, you will have a very slow growth process.
In the photo below, you can see a small underbrush.
Of course, small cuttings can also be turned into a large plant, but it is better to reach the size of the photo below, then separate.
In this method, cut the leaf to the size of 8 cm with a suitable pair of scissors.
Remember not to choose small leaves because propagation does not take place.
For leaf cuttings, you should choose leaves with about 30 cm high.
At this stage, you can root the plant in two ways:
Some people apply fungicide or root powder to the ends of the leaves to get the best result. This will help the success of your cuttings.
After soaking the ends of the leaves with the material, the cuttings are planted in the sand to take root.
After three weeks, rooting begins and in the fourth week, you can see the growth of buds.
At this stage, you can have separate plants by planting the cuttings in the separate pots.
To increase the rooting of cuttings in water, you can dissolve some rooting hormone in the water in which you want to put the cuttings.
This will help to root your cuttings.
Once the cuttings have roots, you can plant them in a separate pots to start the buds to grow.
How to cut light Sword Sansevieria is slightly different from the methods above.
If we do not have the right cuttings, the colored categories of this plant will be disappear.
To preserve the golden parts of the plant, you need to cut the bottom of the cuttings like a porch.
Remember to plant the porch-like part in the soil!
In this way, the golden parts are more likely to be preserved.
But the best method for light Sansevieria is to propagate through the rhizome.
In this way, without a doubt, the golden parts are preserved.
In the photo below, you can see how the porch is cut and planted.
Suitable soil for Sansevieria is a heavy soil; It is a mixture of sand, gravel, clay and organic materials.
Sansevieria can grow better in heavy soil. So to maintain Sansevieria, it is better to pay attention to this point; because this proper growth will cause the underbrush to grow faster.
To fertilize Sansevieria, it is better to use ornamental plant fertilizer. Once every 2 weeks is enough to feed Sansevieria.
By keeping Sansevieria in good conditions, you will see it flourish.
Sansevieria flowers, despite of their actual appearance, have a very good fragrance.
Be diligent in maintaining Sansevieria to witness the bloom of this beautiful plant as much as possible.
In the photo below, you can see the flower of Sansevieria.